With signs that the economy could be reaching its cyclical peak, investors are being advised to prepare for a potentially long period of volatility. But what does ‘being prepared’ actually mean?
In the past, many pension schemes, for example, have relied upon the performance of equities to deliver their returns. However, challenging market conditions over the past few years have led to mixed investment performance, calling for investors to break away from their more traditional asset class models.
As discussed in our previous article, there are a variety of asset classes that investors can choose from. However, in light of recent market activity, investors are being advised to spread the risk across a number of these different markets, types of investment and companies in order to obtain more stable and robust returns at the same time as minimising risk over the long term.
As the chart below demonstrates, it has become increasingly difficult to generate consistently positive returns by investing in just one market. In 2008, equities were the worst performing asset class yet, just one year later, they were topping the charts, making it very difficult to predict which class is the right one to choose.
Nathan Mead-Wellings, Director at Finura explains, “Whilst diversification can help reduce the overall risk of a portfolio, the key is to strike the right balance. Having a mix of asset classes, such as equities, fixed income, property and commodities, can help to compensate for each other when one particular investment isn’t performing as well; however, it’s equally important not to over-diversify with too many components, as this can dilute the results.
“Another important factor to consider is which combination of asset classes you choose. Over recent years, we have witnessed an increased correlation between certain traditional asset classes, meaning that if all of your investments are in the same class, there is the chance that they will all behave in a similar manner under certain market conditions. A properly diversified portfolio should include a blend of both UK and overseas asset classes and be spread amongst both traditional and alternative options.”
Investors are also being advised to take a longer-term view on their investments. When the market is receding, a natural reaction is to withdraw investments and move them somewhere else. However, many investors may be surprised to learn that a significant amount of investment performance is actually driven by the asset allocation itself, rather than where in the market cycle they acquired or disposed of the assets. By resisting the urge to move too soon when markets dip, and risk abandoning a well-diversified investment strategy, investors with diversified portfolios can reduce the ‘ups and downs’ usually associated with investing as the different asset classes work alongside each other to create or sustain wealth over the long term.
Nathan continues: “One of our main objectives at Finura is to demonstrate to investors how a diversified portfolio is capable of meeting their liabilities over time. We do this by balancing their longer-term objectives with shorter term considerations. The credit crisis, recent market uncertainty and talk of a forthcoming recession have made the issue of risk an increasing concern for our clients; however, by supporting our clients, educating them on behavioural finance and using market-leading cash flow modelling software, we can demonstrate how a long-term view can deliver the returns they are looking for.”
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Past performance is not a guide to future performance and may not be repeated. Capital is at risk; investments and the income from them can fall as well as rise and investors may not get back the amounts originally invested.
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