More than 12 million people currently receive the state pension.
Men and women born between 6 October, 1954 and 5 April, 1960 start receiving their pension at the age of 66. But for people born after this date, the state pension age is increasing:
There had been speculation, in the run-up to the budget, that the second increase would be brought forward, however, the government has confirmed that it will not change the timetable at the moment and a decision is now expected in 2026, after the next general election. You can also use the government’s Pension Age Calculator to find out when you are eligible.
In addition, while the state pension age (SPA) has been “triple-locked”, meaning it will rise in line with whichever is highest of inflation, the average increase in wages across the UK or 2.5%, for some, an early retirement continues to seem out of reach. In April to June 2022, the number of people aged 65 years and over in employment increased by a record 173,000 on the quarter to 1.468 million, a record level.
However, with some careful planning and advice from a financial planner, you could help to reduce the age at which you are currently able to retire.
Here are five steps you can take to help improve your chances of retiring early.
The first step is to work out the gap between when you would like to retire and your state pension age. From there you can begin to calculate how many years of ‘missing’ income you will face by retiring ahead of your SPA and how much money you need to save to achieve a suitable monthly income in retirement. Be sure to account for any potential unforeseen circumstances too, such as an inability to work for as long as you hoped and changes in investment returns on savings, taxation and inflation.
Whilst having to sacrifice 5% of your current monthly income may seem steep in some people’s eyes, using your workplace pension scheme to save every month will bring a welcome boost to your pension pot further down the line. With a 3% contribution made by your employer and tax relief on top, you could be missing out on vital additional capital by not signing up.
Everyone has an annual pension allowance of 100% of their salary or £60,000, whichever is lower, except those with an income above £200,000, when the allowance is reduced to £10,000. When you pay into a pension, some of the money that you would have paid in tax on your earnings goes into your pension pot rather than to the government. Tax relief is paid at the highest rate of income tax you pay, so for a basic rate taxpayer this is 20%.
You also have a £20,000 ISA limit each year – whilst you do not get a tax refund when you pay into an ISA, your investment is protected from tax, so you do not pay any tax on the interest you earn.
When we are young it can be difficult to think ahead to what our golden years will look like, however, the earlier you start saving the less it will cost you to retire early. This is due to the effect of compound investment returns over time combined with the additional contributions you can make into various tax wrappers by putting money aside earlier in your career.
The maximum state pension is available once 35 years of NI contributions have been made. Those reaching SPA after 2051 will automatically qualify however those born before 1983 could get less or more in total due to the new transitional SPA arrangements noted above. You can request a forecast of your state pension online and, if it comes up short, consider paying in extra voluntary contributions.
At it stands, you can sometimes pay for gaps from more than 6 years ago, depending on your age.
If you are a man born after 5 April 1951 or a woman born after 5 April 1953, you have until 31 July 2023 to pay voluntary contributions to make up for gaps between tax years April 2006 and April 2016 if you’re eligible.
After 31 July 2023, you’ll only be able to pay for voluntary contributions for the past 6 years. This may not be enough to qualify for a new State Pension if you have fewer than 4 qualifying years on your National Insurance record. You’ll usually need at least 10 qualifying years in total.
With the new pension freedoms also allowing us to dip into our private pension pots from age 55, workers now have the option to start drawing a private pension while they are still working. For example, should you wish to reduce your working hours as you get older, you could support your income by making withdrawals from a private pension until your state pension kicks in to fill the gap.
For more advice about planning for the future and how you could boost your pension funds, please contact a Finura planner.
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Sources: https://www.telegraph.co.uk/pensions-retirement/financial-planning/ultimate-guide-beating-state-pension-age-rise/, https://www.ons.gov.uk/employmentandlabourmarket/peopleinwork/employmentandemployeetypes/articles/peopleaged65yearsandoverinemploymentuk/januarytomarch2022toapriltojune2022 and https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-54421662.
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